Nigeria may have to grapple with another round of visa restriction following threats by the European Union(EU) to impose restrictive visa implementation rules on the country if it fails to play its part in the return and readmission of its nationals staying illegally in the EU.
Recently, Nigeria was among some African country placed of visa restriction by the United States of America.
EU Spokesperson for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, Ms Virginie Battu-Henriksson, said on Tuesday that “Nigerians still place among the top 10 nationalities detected as staying irregularly on the EU territory”, although the number of Nigerians entering the EU irregularly declined drastically last year.
Nigerian criminal networks remain active in Europe, and Nigeria remains the main non-EU country of origin for victims of trafficking (mainly women) registered in the EU.”
She added that Nigerian criminal networks remained active in the EU, saying that the country could face a restriction if certain criteria were not met.
Continuing, Battu-Henriksson stated that if Nigeria did not play its part in the readmission of its citizens living illegally in the EU, then strict measures could be put in place, insisting that the EU could adapt the rules on processing short-stay visa applications.
“What the EU can do since new rules on short-stay visas to the EU became applicable on 2 February 2020, is to adapt the rules on processing short-stay visa applications, depending on whether a non-EU country cooperates satisfactorily on the return and readmission of their nationals staying irregularly in the EU.
Under the new rules, the EU Commission will regularly assess the level of cooperation of non-EU countries on the readmission of irregular migrants. If the level of cooperation is insufficient, the commission, together with member states, can decide on a temporary more restrictive implementation of certain provisions of the visa code.
This could have an impact on the processing time, the length of validity of the visa to be issued, the level of the visa fee to be charged and the fee waivers.
It is important to note that this mechanism does not amount to a visa ban and does not call into question the right to submit an application for a visa or to be granted a visa. It only allows for a more restrictive implementation of some of the visa rules. This concerns short-stay visas to the Schengen area, covering stays of up to 90 days in any 180-day period,” she maintained.
Battu-Henriksson recalled that in 2016, an EU Council decision authorised the opening of negotiations on readmission agreement with Nigeria – making it only the second country in West Africa with which the EU was negotiating such a formal agreement.
The readmission agreement seeks to ensure that Nigerians travelling to the EU take only the legal routes.
It also seeks to ensure that Nigeria is able to readmit its citizens living illegally in the EU.
“It is in our common interest to work on dissuading migrants to take dangerous irregular routes to Europe and risk exploitation. Returns and readmission are part of working on this common endeavour,” the EU spokesperson said.
According to her, Nigeria remained a partner in the fight against terrorism and human trafficking, stating that the EU was also supporting the multinational joint task force in its fight against Boko Haram and had donated 55 million euros to the African peace facility.
The Spokesperson of Nigeria’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ferdinand Nwonye, however, said
that the ministry had not received any official notice from the EU that it was considering Nigeria for visa restriction rules.
“We had European Union-Nigeria dialogue on Tuesday and the matter was not brought up. It was not brought up at all.
Be that as it may, it has not come to us officially. And you know definitely that anybody who has a visa and the visa expired based on the conditions of the issuance, the person is expected to come back or renew his stay there,” Mr. Nwonye said.
The EU, which comprises Germany, Italy, Spain, France and 23 other countries, further stated that although it would not place a visa ban on Nigeria, it could make its visas more difficult for Nigerian applicants if Nigeria failed to meet its standards.
The United States had last month imposed an immigrant visa ban on Nigeria and five other countries.
Under the new policy, citizens of the affected countries would not be allowed to apply for visas to emigrate to the US under the policy aimed at tightening “security for countries that don’t comply with the US minimum security standards or cooperate to prevent illegal immigration.”
According to the Department of Homeland Security, Nigeria presents a high risk, relative to other countries in the world, of terrorist travel to the US.
The US further stated that Nigeria did not adequately share public-safety and terrorism-related information, which is necessary for the protection of the national security and public safety of the US.
Following the US action, the Federal Government set up a committee headed by the Minister of Interior, Rauf Aregbesola, to ensure that Nigeria meets requirements the US said were not in place.
On February 5, the committee met with the US Consular General in Abuja with a view to addressing issues raised in the visa ban.
On Tuesday, the US Ambassador to Nigeria, Ms Mary Lenoard, explained that the visa ban was not permanent, adding that it was subject to review if certain conditions were met.
But while Nigeria is struggling with the US visa ban, the EU said it could impose restrictive visa implementation
rules on it.